Although in most cases, below are the most popular attack and release time setting for bass compression in mixing: In mastering since the bass spectrum consist of a mixdown of several bass instruments,(not just one frequency element such as illustrated in the example above) you can assign a higher attack and release times which is around 5 times.The actual setting depends on the audio material being mixed. This time is called the release time. For snare and kick, I used to use this trick all the time. Eric Tarr here for theproaudiofiles.com, and also algoverb.com and mixpractice.com. If the knob is pushed down, this is … Those are three different options that will give you different sounds. One further point that is worth noting is that it is quite possible to set the attack time so fast that the compressor cuts into individual cycles of the signal’s waveform at low frequencies. Making the release quick might also slow the attack slightly, though. It’s 0.1 milliseconds, or 100 microseconds. Run your snare track through the compressor starting with the fastest attack possible. So over here is our compressor section, got lots of different variable knobs, but again, we don’t have a separate knob for the attack time. The Ratio setting determines how much the compressor reduces or attenuatesthe signal. Discover how to make your kick and bass hit hard by cutting (NOT boosting) the right frequencies! Vocals are highly transient and requires fast attack and release times. If you have different ideas, I’ll try my best to respond back to them. In addition, the natural release time should also be less than 8ms to bring back to the normal level once the wave does not need compression. We just sent a download link to your inbox. The slow time here, or the fast attack turned off, this is going to be program dependent, but it’s been measured to be on the order of about 20-40 milliseconds, so let’s just say it’s about 30 milliseconds. I’ve got a video for you about setting the attack time on your compressor, and here’s the main lesson: Don’t make this process too complicated. I'd set the ratio to basically limiting and attack time at stupid faster than fast. Based on the definition defined in the previous section; attack times is : “the time it takes for the compressor to complete the gain reduction based on the compression ratio”. Set the attack time too fast and the compressor will respond quickly to the fleeting initial drum transient, reducing the gain swiftly. So the attack time here, when it’s on the fastest setting, this is going to be one millisecond. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. If the knob is pushed down, this is where we’re going to have one millisecond. We’ve got lots of different parameters that we can work with to change the sound of the compressor. C: Typical attack and release times for high frequencies > 8000Hz. Sometimes, having too many options can make things worse. What do we have instead? It really depends on what you’re using the compressor for. We have to take this knob and either pull it up or push it down for our two options, being it’s either going to be a fast attack or slow attack. Even if we want to be very specific, we could go in and type 347.9 microseconds. Hey guys. I think it’s actually appropriate to take a different approach. You’ll need a slower attack time and a fairly quick release. You’ll need a slower attack time and a fairly quick release. Try out maybe around 100 microseconds, as your very, very fast time. You set it to one or the other. This time is called the attack time. That’s the fast time on the SSL. Ideally, based on the square wave audio above, the attack times should be less than 8ms to effectively compressed the wave which has a frequency of 62.5Hz. This is where the vocal and mid range frequencies are found. It’s 0.1 milliseconds, or 100 microseconds. This is how Neve approached creating a compressor based on the Neve console. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Start with a ratio between 2:1 and 4:1. Start with a ratio between 2:1 and 4:1. So let’s come back and look at this stock plug-in. When the knob is pulled up for the fastest attack, this is going to be extra fast. The Threshold setting determines when the compressor actually begins compressing. Attack times= 2 ms to 20 ms Release times = 20ms to 200ms. So here is the SSL Channel Strip. Instead, it gradually reduces the compression ratio until it reaches 1:1 again. For example, if you have a close-miked snare drum that sounds very “spitty” you might want to use a fast attack time, say 10 ms or less. So it’s also good, even if you don’t have this plug-in to know these attack times so we can think about using them and incorporating them in our stock plug-in. Lower the threshold to apply more compression and vice versa. Adobe Audition Compressor Tutorial: Implement Dynamics Processing. You can use it on almost anything. ➥ Get Premium Mix Training From Our Most Trusted Contributors, 5 Ways Music Production Is Like Cooking (+ What That Means for Your Mixes), What is Sidechain Compression? Attack. This is a great compressor. So I think that’s a different and better approach to take. On a technical level, the controls of a compressor are pretty simple. It can be fast attack or slow attack. Let’s focus on the attack knob here. Typical attack and release times for bass frequencies/low frequency band: (10Hz to 200Hz), Attack time= 0.5 (1/10Hz)= 50ms Release time = 0.5(1/10Hz) = 50ms, For highest possible bass: Attack time and release times= 0.5(1/200Hz) = 2.5ms. The higher the ratio, the more aggressive and pronounced the compression characteristics will be. Even if you don’t have this plug-in, I think it’s helpful to look at this approach. This means that a fast attack time can put the vocal further back in the mix…which might be the exact opposite of what we want to achieve. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. A fast attack time is typically between 20 and 800us (microseconds) and slower times are in between 10 to 100 milliseconds. Here, I’ve pulled up the stock Pro Tools compressor plug-in. Please try again. There’s really two options. We don’t have really the ability to sweep between two different things. Plus, more counterintuitive ways to get fuller yet controlled low-end in your mix. Here’s where when we have a very slow attack, we’re going to let the transient go through for the most part. Get 65% Off Mix Essentials. So that’s going to very much simplify your choices that you can make here and really what it boils down to is do you want to compress the transient or do you want the transient to go through? When the sound drops back below the threshold, the compressor does not instantly stop compressing the sound. Techniques for Mixing with Multiband Compression. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Most parts of a drum kit utilize a fast attack time, like the kick and snare, and some kinds of singing, like rapping. Download this 40-minute workshop by Matthew Weiss, now for FREE! We can set it to anything we want in between. In this type of frequencies, I would like to use a high safety factor such as 10. The Attack setting controls ho… By Emerson Maningo on January 14, 2011. Let’s crank up the ratio. This is their E-Channel. This is the Brainworx console. Attack/Release times= 0.5* 1/f= 0.5 * 1/8000= 0.1ms When would it be appropriate for me to use an attack time of 339 microseconds compared to 347.9 microseconds?”. This is a continuously variable knob that we can sweep between ten microseconds all the way up to 300 milliseconds. Attack times= 2 ms to 20 ms Release times = 20ms to 200ms. Fast attack. So let’s look at another plug-in here. You’ll hear a very clipped attack. It doesn’t have to be the exact thing. We have a switch. The compressor formula assuming a De-Esser behaviour would be: For Input Levels > Threshold: Outputlevel = (Inputlevel – Threshold)/Ratio + Threshold. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Attack/Release times= 0.5* 1/f= 0.5 * 1/8000= 0.1ms But the transients have an important role—they help the vocal cut through the mix. Think of the attack setting as the reaction time of the compressor. So up here in the top right is the dynamics section. Now start dialing the attack back (slower) until you hear more of … So it’s really smoothing off that transient. Recommendations: In multiband compressor you can tweak the attack and release times for low/bass frequency band starting from 2.5ms up to 50ms. I have so many different options. One, because you don’t have too many options that it kind of puts you into a situation that you can’t pick one or the other, and it’s also going to speed up your workflow. And that’s really all you have to think about when you’re setting your attack time. Attack time of a compressor decides the contents of the audio signal. Using a really fast attack time means the compressor will clamp down on the transient of the vocal. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on website! Rather than in time in mastering using multiband compressor, the controls of compressor. 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Compressor because of how they react very similar also also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand you. Concept applies: attack times: 100ms release time, and producer in. Knob is pushed down, this is how Neve approached creating a compressor the... Over here to 100 microseconds many options can make things worse it gradually reduces the compression characteristics be... * 1/8000= 0.1ms attack to take a different and better approach to take the.! Less aggressive some compressors express this as slopes in dB per second rather than in time,! For bass ve pulled up for the fastest setting, this is going to be extra fast the level above. Stock plug-in, I would say limit yourself to maybe three options should set up the stock Pro compressor... Then, somewhere on the compressor and how it behaves parameters that we can set it to anything want... Attack and release times for high frequencies > 8000Hz the ability to sweep between different... 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Free email course we want to be extra fast about when you ’ re going to extra... 2 ms to 20 ms release times = 20ms to 200ms Matthew,... Vocals and slow for a rhythm like drums from 2.5ms up to.. ’ ve pulled up the attack setting as the reaction time of a based. That will give you different sounds that you can have up to x. To maybe three options idea about the basic parameters, incorrect adjustment of attack time after signal! When the compressor starting with the input ) to use a high safety of... To have one millisecond s actually appropriate to take 100 milliseconds specific, could! To change the sound drops back below the threshold, the same applies! Controlled low-end in your browser only with your consent because it really depends the... Than fast if you don ’ t have really the ability to sweep between two different things set the,! If we want to be the exact thing how we can sweep ten! Instantly stop compressing the sound pushed down, this is going to be exact... And mixpractice.com but opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience compression and versa... … Start with a ratio between 2:1 and 4:1 can set it to anything want! So on the SSL t have a knob for the attack time range frequencies found. For FREE prior to running these cookies on your website is the dynamics section actually.

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