0000009571 00000 n Genetically Modified Foods ST Figure 5–1 Anti-GM protesters attacking a field of genetically-modified maize in southwestern France. Genetically Modified Foods: Benefits and Risks SUMMARY: Genetically modified foods have been around for about two decades and are deemed generally safe, yet they continue to generate controversy. Genetically modified foods are made by inserting genes of other species into their DNA. �,V9����M�e���=w��m|�l����|��AAe��w�H3�� � 0000004575 00000 n 0000014304 00000 n 0000007497 00000 n consisting of or produced from genetically modified maize MON 88017. While some studies show that these engineered foods are as safe as traditionally grown foods, other studies show deleterious effects in animals. H�\�͎�0�}��˙�(ľמHi�t$�Qi C#�������AU$��Ď�܉]�7�L�}<7�8�C׷c���c�>����i�f�{�os� E�&oo�)�6��\,����.^��f����>>己�c��ӯ��ٔ��0����OfaV+��C�ї��uw����^6m��M��4�1��m���~ELsn�e�5q���X,�2ˏ�Y�o���Zs����ލŲ�������[��oo��,���5����~�A�s�^��x����"�S��cvȯ̘c�y�:a��)�"{f��N�����X�Ԥ̚�&e��B��#�. Though this kind of genetic modification GM foods were first put on the market in the early 1990s. 0000004461 00000 n h�bb2e`b``Ń3�(� N>] 0000010443 00000 n 0000460846 00000 n 0000003038 00000 n For example, GM somatotropin is a genetically engineered pharmaceutical that increases the cows milk production. As genetically modified (GM) foods are starting to intrude in our diet concerns have been expressed regarding GM food safety. h�b```b``��������A�D�b�,-�,��.e8 p(��j��� 0000408281 00000 n Genetically Modified Food 2 Regulations] Title 21). Developed and used since 1999, this genetically modified papaya, which resists the virus, has saved Hawaii’s papaya industry. 189 39 The first commercially grown genetically modified whole food crop was the tomato puree (Called FlavrSavr), which was made more resistant to rotting by Californian Company Calgene. biotechnology is Genetically Modified Foods (GM foods). GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS No Data 0 0.01 - 1 1 - 3 3 - 9 > 9 Area under GM crops (million ha, 2010) Chart 118: Genetically modified crops also becoming important in developing countries Area under GM crops (1996-2010) ha 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 IndustrialDeveloping Source: Clive James, ISAAA H�\��n�0��~ GM food animal was approved for consumption, although a GM salmon variety was nearing market approval in the United States (Box 1). %%EOF 0000417853 00000 n 0000001815 00000 n 0000006602 00000 n Circa 8000 BCE ... 2015 FDA approves an application for the first genetic modification in an animal for use as food, a genetically engineered salmon. A.03 Assessment of genetically modified oilseed rape MS11 for food and feed uses, import and processing, under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (application EFSA‐GMO‐BE‐2016‐138) - Presentation by EFSA. In many developing countries whereby due to seasonal changes, there are usually a season of plenty and that of starvation, GM food is less a problem because the goal is to feed the starving population. �[Õ┝�0��Ѫ C�3�\ru3�����P��r�>� The cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops on millions of hectares of lands and their injection into our food chain is a huge global genetic experiment involving all living beings. Approximately 90 percent of hard cheeses currently being produced are using an enzyme obtained from a GM source. /�E�O��FBHӤ���M:@�I����ۏ�Oԑ��!��;�Rlv�]]��S���>�a��2]c����Ơ�Zc����o�fU����e��]8N�it�;]�,�� ��?��g|�I?���u����?���R���1}�����"/{� ���ܞҚw��f��|^Q������.��jʴ��yK[�|��nK. %%EOF Although some scientists have showed a number of evidences to prove that GM food possesses many advantages, it is a fact that most people doubt the safety of using GM food, including the Chinese. Types of GM Foods A genetically modified organism (GMO) is one that has had its genetic material altered through one of several methods. 0000422872 00000 n 189 0 obj <> endobj The presence of genetically modified food products within our food system has been a topic of discussion around the world. 0000008867 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000004772 00000 n 0 endstream endobj startxref Abstract. 227 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj 190 0 obj <>/Metadata 56 0 R/Pages 55 0 R/StructTreeRoot 58 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 191 0 obj >/PageWidthList<0 612.0>>>>>>/Resources<>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 192 0 obj [193 0 R] endobj 193 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[427.686 164.308 507.933 154.091]/StructParent 23/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 194 0 obj <> endobj 195 0 obj <> endobj 196 0 obj [/ICCBased 214 0 R] endobj 197 0 obj <> endobj 198 0 obj <> endobj 199 0 obj <> endobj 200 0 obj <> endobj 201 0 obj <>stream 99 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<312F34F1071A064491889E4D99E62E3F>]/Index[66 63]/Info 65 0 R/Length 148/Prev 438754/Root 67 0 R/Size 129/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 0000417758 00000 n U.S. corn is genetically modified as are 91% of soybeans and 88% of cotton (cottonseed oil is often used in food products) (Whitman, 2000). startxref The term “genetically modified food” refers to crop plants created for human and animal consumption that use the latest molecular biology ��}0BXg�oQ���}A&��TmU��Op���'\�pk���'�G��%����0�K�9{� �i�b�U��l��Q$>�#)!�Ck0�#mOC�#�G�*�� )�&�b�UU�= 0�'�nPG�O~��p�P�{2��V����\��vM�unPs��{��M�ϕP��)���')�c �5��Sb���'�(��]�����M����T�!���x��h�|����r�\2ƒ�t ��s9�A�0G�#�������~G�B~����������_��w��ٱ�CGG77G77G77G77G77Ǿ}���ສ���E�x�1�w���\c��࿾�y�uZ�]�` �>�� The use of transgenic animals as bioreactors is discussed �\Ydl�����sp�Bgv� ���}rY-�gT�T4 wq��)��W0c^(���j���+*Rgw�ӎI�����-%� ��NA#�����b�r����r��&&%������,(d�� 7��@Z�}�"��u@��� �����lL6��`�����)�!d� c.����m⮟601%L�ac`qP�� �������cs�D�� �� \��r%�8��0s0$2�70~`�h`s`�`�s`� �h`�a�c`�p�A���C%��/@!��\�:A �b� B�|�2���o3�Vc`g� H��Tێ�0}�W�c,Q�v�ZU�^`a�x���w�:�I�{�Nʦ��E�lwb�9s����^���Av�-������]���»���JOާĻ�]΁�t�|>�y�x3|\4h3?�� r��e��1f�.0* �% %� �1 �:�2}�bb"H��Yd���-�,Fy���� ��V�;��� ���B��0�b��� ��7N���(,D�Ql�ơ Since genetically modified (GM) food appeared in the Chinese market, it has become a hot topic. trailer The first GE crops were tobacco plants modified in 1986 to be resistant to direct application of herbicides. 128 0 obj <>stream !^��]�; 0000460885 00000 n 0000423987 00000 n D 0 Genetically modified foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, are the latest contribution of genetic engineering technology. Animal toxicity studies with certain GM foods have shown that they may toxically affect several organs and systems. Between 1996 and 2011, the A number of agriculturally impor-tant animals such as goats and sheep have been genetically modified to produce pharmaceutical products in their milk. h�bbd```b``> "KA$��d���8��y`�:�4H�&�A�)X�I*�d4}� ������A�X�;D���j�O�j�l� ��D�h�L|b�t�R`� 0000004424 00000 n 0000011200 00000 n endstream endobj 226 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[58 131]/Length 27/Size 189/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 0000001637 00000 n endstream endobj 204 0 obj <> endobj 205 0 obj <> endobj 206 0 obj <> endobj 207 0 obj <>stream 4 Genetically Modified Food Crops 1) Scientists copy a carrot gene that converts a pigment to beta-carotene. Q�5K��'��0F�Y���c���>��D�'�b�.���W�o�GF� Are starting to intrude in our diet concerns have been modified in such a way that they a. 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